Salivary gland stones (calculi) Saliva constantly flows from the salivary glands in your mouth. Sometimes, the chemicals in saliva can crystalise to form a tiny stone. Salivary gland stones ('salivary calculi') can become lodged in the duct (tube) leading from the salivary gland, blocking the flow of saliva into the mouth. This can cause swelling and pain in the gland.
Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a problem affecting the 'chewing' muscles and the joints between the lower jaw and the base of the skull. Doctors sometimes refer to the condition as "myofascial pain disorder"
Underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism) An underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism) is where your thyroid gland doesn't produce enough hormones. Common signs of an underactive thyroid are tiredness, weight gain and feeling depressed.
Overactive thyroid - Causes Overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) occurs when your thyroid gland produces too much of the thyroid hormones thyroxine or triiodothyronine. Overproduction of thyroid hormones can be caused by a number of conditions, which are outlined below.
Thyroiditis Thyroiditis is the medical term for inflammation (swelling) of the thyroid gland, which can either cause abnormally high or low levels of thyroid hormones in the blood. The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland found in the neck. It produces hormones that are released into the bloodstream to control the body's growth and metabolism.
Ear reshaping Ear reshaping is a type of cosmetic surgery used to treat protruding ears. The operation is also known as otoplasty or pinnaplasty. Protruding ears can be a characteristic that runs in families, but this is not always the case.
Cleft lip and palate A cleft is a gap or split in the upper lip, the roof of the mouth (palate), or sometimes both. It occurs when separate areas of the face do not join together properly when a baby is developing during pregnancy.
Disclaimer: The information provided here should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. The information is provided solely for educational purpose and should not be considered a substitute for medical advice.